Radioactive contamination found on private property next to West Lake Landfill, 04/02/2016

St. Louis Public Radio
by Stephanie Lecci

A worker for the Missouri Department of Natural Resources collects a soil sample as part of testing for radioactive contamination around West Lake Landfill.

The Missouri Department of Natural Resources is confirming that radioactive contamination has been found in soil “on private property” adjacent to the West Lake Landfill in Bridgeton.

Data released Friday shows two soil samples have levels of thorium higher than what is allowed for unrestricted use by the Environmental Protection Agency, including one sample three times higher than the limit. Those samples were taken on the border of a lot used by AAA Trailer Services.

The new report is an update of interim data released in January of testing done last November. The initial report noted the contaminated soil samples were located “at the unmarked perimeter of the facility and neighboring private property,” and could in fact be within the landfill perimeter. This final report makes clear they are located on private property.

This Missouri Department of Natural Resources chart shows two soil samples taken on property adjacent to the West Lake Landfill with higher thorium levels than set EPA limits. CREDIT MISSOURI DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES

The EPA is in charge of managing clean-up at Superfund sites, and for making potentially responsible parties pay for that process; EPA has previously said it will have a final plan for addressing the radioactive waste at West Lake Landfill by December.

In response to a question about EPA’s plans related to this offsite contamination, a spokesman for landfill owner and one of the potentially responsible parties Republic Services, Richard Callow, wrote in an email, “This is another important step towards an EPA Record of Decision by the end of the year.”

Ed Smith of the Missouri Coalition for the Environment calls Friday’s findings “fairly significant.”

“The EPA has said previously that the radioactivity is not off-site and it appears the Missouri Department of Natural Resources has found radioactivity off-site,” he said. “So comprehensive off-site testing all the way around the landfill is needed. We have to know where all the radioactivity is before it can be cleaned up.”

Still the report also warns that “it would be inappropriate to use these results by themselves to make definitive conclusions regarding the absence, extent of presence, or potential health risk of radioactive contamination found at investigated sites.”

“You have to have an exposure to radioactivity for there to be a health consequence or a health issue,” Smith said. “The contamination found would have to either be breathed in by somebody or eaten or they would have to be in very near proximity to it…that’s when you have a health concern.”

Previous tests by state experts, as part of a lawsuit by Missouri Attorney General Chris Koster against the landfill’s owners, had found radiation had spread off-site. Koster, who is running for governor, has harshly criticized the EPA for missing deadlines in its oversight of the West Lake Landfill.

A Superfund site, the landfill contains radioactive waste leftover from nuclear weapons building during the Manhattan Project.

Area residents have long been concerned that radioactive material was moving off-site and that could be in the adjacent Bridgeton Landfill, where an underground smoldering has been burning for years. Recently, a group of mothers and activists, as well as representatives from Koster’s office, met with EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy about a possible buy-out and relocation program for people living around the site.

“She is aware of the areas the EPA has failed our community, and there is no more denying that mistakes have happened at this site,” wrote Just Moms STL’s Karen Nickel, on Facebook. “The Administrator has committed into looking into relocation.”

In a tweet, McCarthy made no promises but wrote that she looks “forward to our continued dialog.”

This map from the Missouri Department of Natural Resources report indicates the two soil testing locations, S09 and S10, on the edge of the AAA Trailer Services lot next to the West Lake Landfill where radioactive contamination was found. CREDIT MISSOURI DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES

Last week, the EPA released data indicating that radioactive contamination was found on the northern edge of the Bridgeton Landfill, farther south than previously reported. That report put the contamination a few hundred feet away from the underground fire. The EPA is currently trying to determine where to construct an isolation barrier between the contamination and the fire.

The MDNR’s final report recommends additional investigations by the EPA and the potentially responsible parties. The department also said it shared its data with the EPA and the private property owners. The EPA did not immediately returned request for comment.

http://news.stlpublicradio.org/post/radioactive-contamination-found-private-property-next-west-lake-landfill

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